Physical Characteristics of Shape


a shape that is natural, representative, realistic.


Imaginary, a shape contrived by the artist, nonrepresentative.

Based on standardized shapes, rectilinear, triangular, polygon.

Natural, rounded or egg-like shapes.

Spatial and Design Characteristics of Shape

Pictorial Depth:
The 2-dimensional flat picture plane manipulated through shape to create volume, an illusion of space; suggestion of depth.
Planes and Volumes:
Design elements arranged in relation to one another suggesting volume and space through layering and overlapping.
Larger objects appear closer, smaller shapes appear farther away.
Vertical Location:
The higher an object on the plane, the farther away it appears.